Liang

論工業社會及其未來-58

58

It would be possible to give other examples of societies in which there has been rapid change and/or lack of close community ties without the kind of massive behavioral aberration that is seen in today’s industrial society. We contend that the most important cause of social and psychological problems in modern society is the fact that people have insufficient opportunity to go through the power process in a normal way. We don’t mean to say that modern society is the only one in which the power process has been disrupted. Probably most if not all civilized societies have interfered with the power process to a greater or lesser extent. But in modern industrial society the problem has become particularly acute. Leftism, at least in its recent (mid- to late-20th century) form, is in part a symptom of deprivation with respect to the power process.

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還可以再給出其它快速變遷、缺乏緊密社群羈絆的社會卻沒有今日工業化社會所見之如此大規模的行為反常現象的例子。我們斷言現代社會社會及心理問題最重要的原因是人們沒有足夠的機會正常地經歷權力進程。我們並不是要說現代社會是唯一一個權力進程被中斷的社會。可能大多文明社會都或多或少的干涉了權力進程,但在現代工業化社會這個問題變得特別嚴重。左派,至少是以當今形式(二十世紀中末葉),是權力進程被剝奪的一種徵狀。

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