Linguistics (theoretical mainly) student, “Descrive e cerca di interpretarlo." 個人文章中留言出現不尊重用語的,一律封鎖,望理解,謝謝。


"There is a growing consensus in the literature that aspectual classification is related to how people describe the world rather than what the world itself is (cf. Smith 1997:6; Moens 1987:59; Molla-Aliod 1997:5; Brinton 1988:247; Galton 1984:25; Miller 1999:40; Lehmann 1999:43)."

"As such, the approach to aspect taken here is consonant with the views of Wittgenstein (1958:II, xi), in claiming that we can give different interpretations to the same object in the world. Smith (1997:6) also notes that situations may be presented with more than one viewpoint and situation type, according to speaker choice..."

"To put it in Smith's (1983, 1991, 1997) terms, what we classify is 'idealised situations', namely our idealizations of the structure of the situations occurring in the world."

"The reason for this is that when we discuss aspectual classification, we actually talking about linguistic conventions rather than real world situations. As Bach (1981:15) suggests, our linguistic inquiry into ontological presuppositions should concern only those that can be found in our understanding of the world as it is reflected in linguistic categories. (cf. also Shirai & Andersen 1995:744). Link (1983:303) also argues that 'our guide in ontological matters has to be language itself.'"

  • All from Xiao-McEnery, Aspect in Mandarin Chinese