Liang

論工業社會及其未來-57

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57

The difference, we argue, is that modern man has the sense (largely justified) that change is IMPOSED on him, whereas the 19th century frontiersman had the sense (also largely justified) that he created change himself, by his own choice. Thus a pioneer settled on a piece of land of his own choosing and made it into a farm through his own effort. In those days an entire county might have only a couple of hundred inhabitants and was a far more isolated and autonomous entity than a modern county is. Hence the pioneer farmer participated as a member of a relatively small group in the creation of a new, ordered community. One may well question whether the creation of this community was an improvement, but at any rate it satisfied the pioneer’s need for the power process.

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我們認為差別在於現代人感覺(很大程度上很有道理)變化是被強加在他身上的,而十九世紀拓荒者感覺(也在很大程度上很有道理)他自己創造了變化,是自己的選擇。因此一個開拓者在自己選擇的一塊地上定居並透過自己的努力將其變成農田。當時一整個縣可能只有幾百位居民,且比起現代的縣還更孤立和自治。因此,開疆闢土的農夫以一個小群體的成員參與了新的、有秩序的社區的創建。這種社區的創建是否是一種進步有待討論,但至少其滿足了開拓者對權力進程的需求。

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